Melanogenesis Inhibitory Effects of Ethanol Extract of Perilla frutescens’s Leaves on B16 Melanoma Cells

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Molecular and Environmental Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Science, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Laboratory of Biosensors, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Science, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

2 aDepartment of Molecular and Environmental Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Science, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam;Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

3 Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Science, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

4 Department of Molecular and Environmental Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Science, VNU-HCM 227 Nguyen Van Cu St., Dist 5, Hochiminh City, Vietnam

10.22034/ijps.2021.523696.1788

Abstract

Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. is a Vietnamese herb containing many polyphenol compounds potential on antioxidants and tyrosinase inhibitors for cosmetic applications. Natural compounds and products have got more attention as they have less undesirable side effects and satisfy the diverse needs of consumers that include anti-melanogenesis, antioxidation, etc. This study evaluated the antioxidant capacity, inhibition of melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells of perilla leaves ethanol extract (PEE). PEE showed the high antioxidant properties in vitro by 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical assay (DPPH) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). In addition, PEE has inhibitory activities for mushroom tyrosinase (TYR). The results showed that concentrations of 100 - 300 μg/mL of PEE were not affected on B16 cell viability. In B16 cells, melanin content and cellular tyrosinase activity were significantly decreased in PEE-treated cells in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggested that Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. had a great potential as natural sources which could be used as agents in skincare products.

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