Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Traditional Medicine Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Biotechnology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Sabzevar, University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.;Biotechnology Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the possible antioxidant activity and neuroprotective effects of aqueous and methanolic extracts of Althaea officinalis flowers against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in PC12 cells.
Material and Methods: The antioxidant potential of extracts was evaluated by radical scavenging activity using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. For cytoprotective activity, the cells were pretreated with different concentrations (12.5, 25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 µg/ml) of the extracts for 24h and then incubated with H2O2 (480 μM) for 3 h. In co-treatment protocol, cells were simultaneously treated with H2O2 (480 μM) and the same concentrations of extracts, used in pretreatment protocol. Percentage of viability was measured using MTT assay.
Results: The aqueous and methanolic extracts did not show strong DPPH radical scavenging activity (IC50 value of 128 and 255 μg/ml respectively) in comparison with ascorbic acid (IC50 value of 6.1 μg/ml). The cytoprtection study revealed that neither the methanolic, nor the aqueous extracts at tested concentrations could protect the cells against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity compared to H2O2 alone, in either co-treatment or pre-treatment experiments.
Conclusion: Despite reporting the antioxidant activity of A. officinalis L. flowers, it seems that such a negligible cytoprotective activity may be related to some other factors. On the other hand, the presence of moderate antioxidant activity does not guarantee the protective activity against oxidative stress.