Using Discrete Choice Experiment to Determine Willingness to Pay for Medicine Interferon-Beta by Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Management, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of economics, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

10.22034/ijps.2018.37550

Abstract

This study explores the effects of Interferon-β characteristics such as country of origin, injection frequency and method, monthly cost, efficacy, and side effects on multiple-sclerosis patients’ willingness to pay. For this purpose, MS patients with a history of using Interferon-β were studied from the three major Isfahan MS centers. Choice sets were designed with a combination of attributes and levels. The variables in this experiment included interferon-β with different levels assigned to each of its attribute. Patient preferences and willingness to pay were calculated through Discreet Choice Experiment. The statistical population consisted of 358 patients deemed eligible for the study. They responded to the questionnaire and took part in interviews. Results showed that the highest willingness-to-pay value of US$ 223 as determined by MS patients belonged to a change of efficacy from moderate to high. Side-effects and ease of use ranked next among patient preferences. Country of origin recorded the lowest value of the willingness-to-pay parameter. Evaluation of MS patients' preferences as reflected in their willingness to pay plays an important role in patient’s adherence to treatment to achieve more effective results. Due to the variety of drugs in this category, it is necessary to identify and prioritize those features that are of interest to patients and that increase their utility relative to IFN-β drugs.

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