Relation between Parental Education and Children’s Healthful Lifestyle

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharma Management, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharma management, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



As parents’ socioeconomic condition considerably affects their children’s health, in the present paper, parents’ education and its relation with their lifestyle, including breast feeding, nutrition, supplement intake, smoking, and personal hygiene, are studied. Parents’ behavior is an important factor in affecting children’s health status. A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was conducted using a self-administrated anonymous questionnaire. A total of 600 anonymous questionnaires were distributed among the children’s parents in primary schools in Tehran, Iran, of which 62% were returned. Responses showed that 89.2% of mothers had breastfeeding and 69% of children had suitable nutrition. Additionally, the study result indicated a significant correlation between parents’ education and children’s personal hygiene. There was a significant relation between parents’ education and parents’ smoking as well. Furthermore, there was a significant relation between mothers’ education and supplement intake in their children. Therefore, parents’ education and health literacy are the main factors in children’s health that should be addressed by policymakers.


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